Written by: Megan Hammond, Senior Communications Specialist at National Able Network
Illinois Joining Forces: Re-Boot Summit 2015
On Thursday, Dec. 10, Illinois Joining Forces (IJF) hosted its 2015 Re-Boot Summit for a group of organizations and individuals that contribute to veterans philanthropy throughout Illinois. The Re-Boot Summit was appropriately held at the Union League Club of Chicago which is where IJF was founded in 2012.
Since its formation three years ago, the mission of IJF remains the same: Collaborating in person and online to help service members, veterans, and their families identify and marshal resources and services available to them throughout the state. IJF is a community of veterans service organizations that provide a multitude of services including housing, healthcare, employment, legal, financial, spouse and family support and more!
Throughout the Re-Boot Summit, there was a lot of discussion around veteran services organizations’ camaraderie and thoughts and ideas about what they can do to better serve the ever-changing landscape of Illinois's veteran population and their families. Another main theme of the summit was the idea of "re-booting.” IJF recently re-booted its entire website to make it more comprehensive and easy-to-use for both organizations and veterans which will be fully launched by next week. IJF has also re-booted its approach to serving veterans by acknowledging goals of member organizations, determining the on-going needs of veterans and their families, developing new partnerships, collaborating with public partners, and expanding their outreach throughout Illinois!
To learn more about IJF's services for veterans, please click here to visit their new website!
Every state has a National Guard - as does the Virgin Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia. The National Guard traces its roots to the colonial militias. Those militias were the first to fight the British and later the rebels. They bought time until the Army could be increased.
The militias were poorly funded and there were always questions of control in the field. They were abolished and the National Guard was created at the beginning of the 20th century. The national Guard did not fare much better than the militias - historically criticized for being part-time volunteers who are poorly trained, poorly funded, and under equipped. They comprised a big part of troops in World War I and World War II. National Guard units were among some of the first to meet the enemy in those wars. Again, they bought time while the Army was increased.
The role of the National Guard changed at the end of the 20th century when the Guard transformed from a strategic reserve to an operational reserve. The Illinois National Guard deployment of a Brigade Combat Team to Afghanistan in 2008-2009 is an example of the transformation. The question is no longer “if you’re going to deploy” the question is “where are you going to deploy.”
Guard members are citizen soldiers that deploy and then return to their communities, families and civilian employment. The Uniformed Servicemember Employment and Re-employment Rights Act is the law that protects the employment rights of Guard and Reserve members. USRERRA is considered to be the most comprehensive civil rights legislation enacted in the country. However, because only .5% of Americans serve in the Guard or Reserve, it was not tested in the courts – until after all the post-9/11 deployments in the Global War on Terror.
The state Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Committee is charged with protecting the employment rights of Guard and Reserve members. Funded by the DOD, ESGR has existed since the early 1970s, and is staffed mostly by volunteers. The local ESGR committee exists to educate employers about the USERRA law and resolve servicemember employment complaints. Complaint resolution is handled through ESGR’s Ombudsman Program – designed to resolve complaints through an informal and non-binding mediation program.
The National Guard has adapted to the changes in the military’s use of the Guard and Reserve. However, ESGR has not adapted to the new role of the Guard. The Ombudsman Program has few specific criteria for who can be an Ombudsman – no background in law, HR, labor relations or collective bargaining is required. Further, the USERRA law is technical and dense – regularly confusing attorneys and HR professionals alike. Moreover, valid dispute resolution training takes from 25 to 40 hours. ESGR crams legal training and dispute resolution into three days.
Illinois ESGR is lucky to have some talented volunteers with legal, HR and collective bargaining backgrounds. An Illinois servicemember with an employment issue might get one of the skilled ESGR volunteers – or they may get one whose only exposure has been the substandard training. Our Guard and Reserve members leave their civilian employment to serve their country. If they have a workplace dispute due to their military service, is it fair to leave those disputes to a group of well-intentioned but poorly trained volunteers?
How to change the situation? Encourage those with the appropriate skill to volunteer as an Ombudsman at www.esgr.mil
Brian Clauss is the Executive Director of The John Marshall Law School Veterans Legal Support Center & Clinic in Chicago.
Meeting the Mental Health Needs of Transitioning Veterans
According to the Veterans Administration there are about 721,000 veterans in Illinois. While there is a breadth of governmental, public, and private resources available to those veterans upon leaving the military and transitioning to civilian life, over 50% of veterans nationwide report that they do not know where to go to seek help.
Amidst all of the challenges veterans face upon this transition, arguably the most harmful are those associated with mental health. Rates of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Depression have increased in recent years – post-9/11 veterans were more likely to screen positive for PTSD and Depression than pre-9/11 veterans.2 A crucial gap exists during the time of transition. According to “The State of the American Veteran” published by USC School of Social Work, many veterans felt fine mentally upon leaving the military, however, about a month after returning, realized that they had significant issues for which they need help.
During this time period, it is critical that our veterans have a strong support network and can easily access any resources they might need. No matter how severe their mental health problems might be or what specific mental health issues they are facing, a returning veteran must be able to be connected with an organization uniquely capable of best serving them. Currently, this process can be overwhelming, frustrating, and ultimately unsuccessful. A considerable amount (44.1%) of post 9/11 veterans who screened positive for mental health problems did not seek help.2 This is likely due to a combination of mental health stigmatization and significant barriers to care.
There is a myth that most in the military community and veterans obtain healthcare services in closed systems i.e., military medicine or the VA. While the Veterans Health Administration has taken significant steps to address access issues, service gaps continue to exist. Additionally, several studies of civilian community providers have shown that they are not prepared to treat returning veterans with the clinical cultural competence necessary to be sensitive to the unique experience of military service. That’s where Illinois Joining Forces (IJF) comes in. We are the single entry point for veterans transitioning to civilian life, helping them to overcome such barriers and lead the healthy life they so richly deserve. Further, we facilitate the training of providers in Military and Veteran Clinical Cultural Competency through our workshops and advocacy. Additionally, the Behavioral Health Working Group has a number of initiatives underway to address suicide prevention, substance abuse, and access to care.
The road ahead for IJF is exciting. We believe that any veteran returning to Illinois should be able to get the help they need in any of 9 issue areas – one of which is behavioral health. Service members and veterans should not have to go from office to office, form to form, or website to website to be served. This is a systematic problem that demands a local solution, a solution that IJF is bringing to the problem. Through the relationships of our Behavioral Health Working Group members and our online portal, IJF brings focus to comprehensive, long-term case management and follow up with each veteran. We hope that you will join us in creating the strongest possible network of service providers to our Nation’s veterans.
Credits: Tom Miller is the Chairman of the IJF Behavioral Health Working Group "Veteran Population." Va.gov. United States Department of Veterans Affairs, 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2015. <http://www.va.gov/vetdata/veteran_population.asp>.
 Castro, Carl Andrew, Sara Kintzle, and Anthony Hassan. "THE STATE OF THE AMERICAN VETERAN."